Aizu-Wakamatsu Station is a railway station in Aizuwakamatsu, in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan.

fukishima Aizu-Wakamatsu Station

 The train operation is divided at Aizu-Tajima Station. The electrified southern part has through service beyond the Aizukōgen-Ozeguchi terminus onto the Yagan Railway Aizu Kinugawa Line, Tobu Railway and JR East all the way to Tokyo. The non-electrified northern part runs diesel service beyond Nishi-Wakamatsu Station to Aizu-Wakamatsu Station on the JR East Tadami Line.

On Friday, 11 March 2011, 14:46 JST, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake occurred off the coast of Miyagi Prefecture. Shindo measurements throughout the prefecture reached as high as 6-upper in isolated regions of Hama-dōri on the eastern coast and as low as a 2 in portions of the Aizu region in the western part of the prefecture. Fukushima City, located in Naka-dōri and the capital of Fukushima Prefecture, measured 6-lower.

Train services were stopped due to damage caused to railway infrastructure. The Iizaka Line reopened two days later on March 13, and on March 31 the Yamagata Shinkansen resumed limited service and the Ōu Main Line resumed full service.  By April 7 the Tōhoku Main Line was reopened in both directions, however it was closed again following a strong earthquake later that night. The Tōhoku Main Line was again reopened in both directions from Fukushima on April 17.   The Tōhoku Shinkansen reopened with limited service on April 23, and the Abukuma Express Line resumed limited service from Fukushima on April 28. Aizu-Wakamatsu Station Video

Musala, Bulgaria Webcamera

January 28, 2014

Musala is the highest peak in Bulgaria and the entire Balkan Peninsula, standing at 2,925 m.

bulgariaMusala

The summit of the Rila mountain in southwestern Bulgaria, Musala is the highest peak between the Alps and the Caucasus and the highest in Eastern Europe bar the Caucasus.  Musala is situated within the Rila National Park, which is noted for its rich flora, including species such as Macedonian Pine and Bulgarian Fir in the forests on its middle slopes, and fauna; it is one of the easiest places in Europe to see the wallcreeper. All major mountain ranges of Bulgaria can be seen from the top; these include Vitosha to the northwest, Sredna Gora towards the northeast, the Balkan Mountains along most of the northern horizon behind Vitosha and Sredna Gora, the Rhodope Mountains to the southeast, Pirin to the south, Osogovo and Ruy Mountain to the west, and of course Rila.

With an average annual temperature of -3 °C Musala is the coldest place in Bulgaria and the entire Balkan Peninsula. Temperatures stay below 0 °C for about 8 months each year. Due to this about 45% of the annual precipitation on Musala is snow, and snow cover lasts for about 200 days (more than 6,5 months). Three of the main rivers of Bulgaria, the Iskar, Maritsa and Mesta have their sources near Musala.

A cosmic ray study station functioned at the summit until it was devastated by a fire in 1984. The station was re-opened in 1999 as the Environmental Observatory “Musala” of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences where air pollutants and space radiation are monitored. Also there is a meteorological station, that is doing regular synoptic and climatic observations. The station belongs to the National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (NIMH) and functions without breaks since 1933.

Mount Sinabung  is a Pleistocene-to-Holocene stratovolcano.

volcanoSinabung

Located in the Karo plateau of  North Sumatra, Indonesia, 25 miles from Lake Toba supervolcano, many old lava flows are on its flanks and the last known eruption, before recent times, occurred in the year 1600.  Solfataric activities (cracks where steam, gas, and lava are emitted) were last observed at the summit in 1912, other documented events include an eruption in the early hours of 29 August 2010 and eruptions in September and November 2013 and January 2014

Most of Indonesian volcanism stems from the Sunda Arc, created by the subduction of the Indo-Australian Plate under the Eurasian Plate. This arc is bounded on the north-northwest by the Andaman Islands, a chain of basaltic volcanoes, and on the East by the Banda Arc, also created by subduction.

On January 4th 2014 the volcano erupted again. “Mount Sinabung, which has erupted over a hundred times between Jan. 4 through the morning of Jan. 5 is spewing out a 4,000-meter high column of ash damaging property and crops and poisoning animals over a wide radius.

Time lapse:

Shinagawa Station is a major railway station in Tokyo, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central), and Keikyu.

stationShinagawa Station

The Tōkaidō Shinkansen and other trains to the Miura Peninsula, Izu Peninsula, and the Tōkai region pass through here. Despite its name, it is not located in Shinagawa Ward but just to the north in Minato Ward.  This station is just south of a large yard complex consisting of Shinagawa Carriage Sidings, Shinagawa Locomotive Depot, and Tamachi Depot.

The main JR station concourse is situated above the platforms running east-west across the breadth of the station. A freely traversable walkway divides the station into two sections. The southerly section contains a number of shops and market-style stalls which form the “e-cute” station complex.

Shinagawa is one of Japan’s oldest stations, opened on June 12, 1872 when the service between Shinagawa and Yokohama provisionally started, four months before the inauguration of “Japan’s first railway” between Shimbashi and Yokohama through Shinagawa on October 14, 1872. This line is a part of the Tōkaidō Main Line. Nothing remains of the original structure.

Chelyabinsk is a city in Russia, located just to the east of the Ural Mountains, on Miass River.

Chelyabinsk

Fortress Chelyaba, from which the city takes its name, was constructed on the site in 1736; the city was incorporated in 1781. Around 1900, it served as a center for the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway.  In the decades after the Finnish Civil War in 1918, some 15,000 “Red” Finns defected into the Soviet Union. Most of them were transferred to Chelyabinsk via railway.

During World War II, Joseph Stalin decided to move a large part of Soviet factory production to places out of the way of the advancing German armies in late 1941. This brought new industries and thousands of workers to Chelyabinsk.  Several enormous facilities for the production of T-34 tanks and Katyusha rocket launchers existed in Chelyabinsk, which became known as “Tankograd” (Tank City).

Chelyabinsk has had a long association with top-secret nuclear research, though this is more properly applicable to Chelyabinsk Oblast as a whole, as nuclear facilities such as Chelyabinsk-70 (Snezhinsk) are, or were, located far outside the city. A serious nuclear accident occurred in 1957 at the Mayak nuclear fuel reprocessing plant, 150 km north-west of the city, which caused deaths in Chelyabinsk Oblast but not in the city. The province was closed to all foreigners until 1992.

Shinmoedake, Japan Webcam

March 13, 2011

Shinmoedake is a volcano in  Kyūshū, Japan, and a part of the Mount Kirishima cluster of volcanoes.  It is believed to have formed between 7,300 and 25,000 years ago.

Shinmoedake

The 2011 eruptions began on 19 January. On 26 January, at 7:30 AM, increased eruption activity spewed ash over the surrounding area. The ash closed four railroad lines, and some airline service was cancelled due to heavy smoke. It was the largest eruption from Shinmoedake since 1959. On 1 February, an even larger eruption sent smoke up to 2.5 km in the air and threw volcanic bombs up to 1.5 km.

During February 2011, a lava dome formed in Shinmoedake’s crater.  On February 17, an evacuation advisory was put in place for the Miyakonojo area for 2,500 people after heavy rains threatened to produce lahars.

On 13 March, the volcano once again erupted two days after the 2011 Sendai Earthquake. Whether the cause of the eruption is related to the earthquake, or whether the initial January eruption and the earthquake shared a common cause is still unknown.

(The webcam map is in Japanese. In the menu on the right, Kirishima is the 7th from the bottom of the list)

Yabuki, Japan Webcam

February 6, 2011

Yabuki is a town located in Nishishirakawa District, Fukushima, Japan, located in the Tōhoku region on the island of Honshū.

Yabuki

Fukushima is the southernmost prefecture of Tōhoku region, and the closest to Tokyo.  In the 4th century, Fukushima was incorporated into the Yamato Province, Japan’s first unified nation.

The Shirakawa Barrier and the Nakoso Barrier were built around the 5th century to protect ‘civilized Japan’ from the ‘barbarians’ to the north. Fukushima became a Province of Mutsu after the Taika Reforms were established in 646.

The coastal Hamadōri region lies on the Pacific Ocean and is the flattest and most temperate region, while the Nakadōri region is the agricultural heart of the prefecture and contains the capital, Fukushima City. The mountainous Aizu region has scenic lakes, lush forests, and snowy winters.

Mount Bandai, in the Bandai-Asahi National Park,  erupted in 1888, creating a large crater and numerous lakes, including the picturesque ‘Five Coloured Lakes’ (Goshiki-numa). The area is popular with hikers and skiers.

Kiyoshi Nakahata, who belonged to the Yomiuri Giants baseball team from 1975 to 1989, is from Yabuki town.