Nuuk, Greenland Webcamera

April 24, 2016

Nuuk is the capital and largest city of Greenland.

nyuuk3Nyuuk

Nuuk is the Kalaallisut word for “cape”. It is so named because of its position at the end of the Nuup Kangerlua fjord on the eastern shore of the Labrador Sea. Its latitude, at 64°10′ N, makes it the world’s northernmost capital, located only a few kilometres further north than the Icelandic capital Reykjavík.

The site has a long history of habitation. The area around Nuuk was first occupied by the ancient pre-Inuit, Paleo-Eskimo people of the Saqqaq culture as far back as 2200 BC when they lived in the area around the now abandoned settlement of Qoornoq.  For a long time it was occupied by the Dorset culture around the former settlement of Kangeq but they disappeared from the Nuuk district before AD 1000. The Nuuk area was later inhabited by Viking explorers in the 10th century, and shortly thereafter by Inuit peoples

Seafood, including seal, is also sold in abundance in Nuuk’s fish markets, the largest being Kalaaliaraq Market. Minerals including zinc and gold have contributed to the development of Nuuk’s economy.  Nuuk has an international airport located 4 km (2.5 mi) to the northeast of the town centre. Built in 1979, it is a focus city for Air Greenland, which is also headquartered in Nuuk,

 As a result of the high cost of flying goods to Greenland, Nuuk and other towns in Greenland are connected to Denmark by cargo vessels which sail mainly from Aalborg during the warmer months after the winter ice has melted.   For most of the year, Nuuk is served twice-weekly by the coastal ferry of the Arctic Umiaq Line which links the communities of the western coast.

Longyearbyen is the largest settlement and the administrative center of Svalbard, Norway.

02-gruvedalenLongyearbyen

Longyearbyen is located in the valley of Longyeardalen and on the shore of Adventfjorden, a bay of Isfjorden located on the west coast of Spitsbergen.  It is the world’s northern-most town, with all settlements further north being research or meteorological outposts.  Across the bay lie the ghost towns of Advent City and Hiorthhamn.

Svalbard Satellite Station was built because of Longyearbyen’s excellent location to download data from satellites in polar orbit. Located at Platåberget above Hotellneset, it was built as a cooperation between NASA and the Norwegian Space Centre, but has since 2001 been operated by Kongsberg Satellite Services.  EISCAT operates an incoherent scatter radar to study the northern lights.

The Svalbard Global Seed Vault, administered by the Global Crop Diversity Trust, is a secure underground facility capable of storing millions of crop seeds. The facility has been designed to protect against natural and human disasters, including global warming, floods and fires, and nuclear holocaust. The site was chosen for a number of factors including its remoteness, sound geology and the ambient temperature of the permafrost.

The  Svenskehuset Tragedy was an event in the winter of 1872–73 where seventeen men died in an isolated house on Spitsbergen, Svalbard. The cause of death was long believed to be scurvy, but research done in 2008 has revealed that the men probably suffered lead poisoning. Svenskehuset is today preserved as a cultural heritage site.

Vágar is one of the 18 islands in the archipelago of the Faroe Islands and the most westerly of the large islands. The vast majority of the population are ethnic Faroese, of Norse and Celtic descent.

jetfinalVágar

The Faroe Islands are dominated by tholeiitic basalt lava which was part of the great Thulean Plateau during the Paleogene period.

The early history of the Faroe Islands is not well known. Irish hermits (monks) settled in the sixth century, introducing sheep and oats and the early Irish language to the islands. Saint Brendan, who lived circa 484–578, is said to have visited the Faroe Islands on two or three occasions (512-530 AD), naming two of the islands Sheep Island and Paradise Island of Birds.

Due to the rocky terrain and relatively small size of the Faroe Islands, its transportation system was not as extensive as other places of the world. Vágar Airport has scheduled service to destinations from Vágar Island. The largest Faroese airline is Atlantic Airways.

Second camera located here.

Kópasker, Iceland Camera

March 15, 2009

Kópasker is a small village in northeast Iceland, situated on Öxarfjörður. The district between Tjörnes mountains in the west and Jökulsá (Glacier river) in the east is known as Kelduhverfi; Kópasker is the town of the community.

trucksKópasker

There are many streams, which come up under lava fields and they give the district its name. Keldur means quagmire. Jökulsá runs to the sea in Öxafjörður. It falls into one of the deepest and most terrifying gorges in Iceland, Jökulsárgljúfur.

A geologically young land, Iceland is located on both the Iceland hotspot and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which runs right through it. This combined location means that geologically the island is extremely active, having many volcanoes, notably Hekla, Eldgjá, Herðubreið and Eldfell. Iceland is one of two places on Earth where a mid-ocean ridge rises above sea level, making it an easily accessible site to study the geology of such a ridge.

Today, Iceland has some of the world’s highest levels of economic and civil freedoms.In 2007, Iceland was ranked as the most developed country in the world by the United Nations’ Human Development Index.

Svalbard, Arctic Webcam

October 27, 2008

Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean north of mainland Europe, about midway between mainland Norway and the North Pole. Three islands are populated: Spitsbergen, Bear Island and Hopen.

Spitsbergen

Svalbard lies far north of the Arctic Circle. In addition to humans, four mammalian species inhabit the archipelago: the Svalbard field mouse, the Arctic fox, the Svalbard reindeer, and polar bears. Svalbard is also a breeding ground for large numbers of seabirds, including Brunnich’s and Black Guillemot, Puffin, Little Auk, Fulmar and Black-legged Kittiwake. Other seabirds include Arctic Tern, four species of skua, and the elusive Ivory Gull. See also: Flowers of Svalbard.

The Norwegian government has built a “doomsday” seed bank to store seeds from as many of the world’s crop varieties and their botanical wild relatives as possible.

Webcams at Neumayer-Station

September 15, 2008

Neumayer Station is a permanent German Antarctic research base. It is located on Atka Bay and was opened in 1992. This station in the Antarctic was established in 1981 on the Ekström Shelf Ice as a research observatory for geophysical, meteorological and air chemistry measurements, as well as a logistics base for summer expeditions.

Neumayer Station

Georg von Neumayer, whom the station is named after, was an important promoter of Germany’s research activities in Antarctica. The snow-covered Neumayer Station is located on shelf ice that is 650′ (200m) thick and almost completely flat. All that can be seen from the distance are the towers of the station entrance, which project 6-7′ over the snow.

Nine or at most ten people live and work at Neumayer Station during the Antarctic winter: a medical doctor who also acts as the head of the station, a meteorologist, an airchemist, two geophysicists, an engineer, an electrician, a radio operator/electronics engineer and a cook.

O’Higgens Base Antarctica

February 20, 2008

This is the best time of year to watch the Gentoo penguins raising their young. Penguins arrive in late September to breed, and they depart the following April. There are multiple cameras to view with varying refresh rates.

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Penguin Cameras

The cameras capture live images of the Penguins, and zoomed cameras provide the chance to watch these fascinating creatures close at hand.

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Building nests. ohig-pingi233333.jpg

There are also stunning sunrises and sunsets from an area so remote few will ever see them firsthand.

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Here is a link to the German weather station GARS with additional information and cams.