Lisbon is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with a population of 552,700.


Lisbon is one of the oldest cities in the world, and the oldest in Western Europe, predating other modern European capitals such as London, Paris and Rome by centuries. Julius Caesar made it a municipium called Felicitas Julia, adding to the name Olissipo. Ruled by a series of Germanic tribes from the 5th century, it was captured by the Moors in the 8th century. In 1147, the Crusaders under Afonso Henriques reconquered the city and since then it has been a major political, economic and cultural centre of Portugal.

Most of the Portuguese expeditions of the Age of Discovery left from Lisbon during the 15th to 17th centuries, including Vasco da Gama‘s expedition to India in 1497. In 1506.   The 16th century was Lisbon’s golden era: the city was the European hub of commerce between Africa, India, the Far East and later, Brazil, and acquired great riches by exploiting the trade in spices, slaves, sugar, textiles and other goods. This period saw the rise of the exuberant Manueline style in architecture, which left its mark in many 16th century monuments (including Lisbon’s Belém Tower and Jerónimos Monastery, which were declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites). A description of Lisbon in the 16th century was written by Damião de Góis and published in 1554.

The city of Lisbon is rich in architecture; Romanesque, Gothic, Manueline, Baroque, Modern and Postmodern constructions can be found all over Lisbon.

Fairbanks is the largest city in the Interior region of Alaska, and second largest in the state, after Anchorage.


Fairbanks is located in the central Tanana Valley, straddling the Chena River near its confluence with the Tanana River. Immediately north of the city is a chain of hills that rises gradually until it reaches the White Mountains and the Yukon River. The southern border of the city is the Tanana River. South of the river is the Tanana Flats, an area of marsh and bog that stretches for more than 100 miles  until it rises into the Alaska Range, which is visible from Fairbanks on clear days

Fairbanks’ climate is usually classified as subarctic with long, cold winters, and short, warm summers, in which much of the annual precipitation falls.  In Fairbanks, winter lasts from late September/early October until late April/early May. October through January are the snowiest, and snow is limited from February to May. On average, the season’s first snow falls in Fairbanks on September 21 and the first inch of snow accumulates by October 8. The snowpack is established by October 18, on average, and remains until May.

Electricity is provided by the Golden Valley Electric Association. The Chena power site has four steam turbines fueled by coal and one oil-fueled electrical generator. Interior Alaska is not connected to the electrical grid of the contiguous United States and Canada, but a transmission line constructed in 1985 connects Fairbanks with power plants in the coal producing area of Healy and the Anchorage area. Fairbanks currently holds the world record for the largest rechargeable battery, which weighs approximately 1,300 tons. The battery was installed to help bridge the gaps that occur during frequent power outages. The battery will provide power for 7 minutes to about 12,000 homes.

Chelyabinsk is a city in Russia, located just to the east of the Ural Mountains, on Miass River.


Fortress Chelyaba, from which the city takes its name, was constructed on the site in 1736; the city was incorporated in 1781. Around 1900, it served as a center for the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway.  In the decades after the Finnish Civil War in 1918, some 15,000 “Red” Finns defected into the Soviet Union. Most of them were transferred to Chelyabinsk via railway.

During World War II, Joseph Stalin decided to move a large part of Soviet factory production to places out of the way of the advancing German armies in late 1941. This brought new industries and thousands of workers to Chelyabinsk.  Several enormous facilities for the production of T-34 tanks and Katyusha rocket launchers existed in Chelyabinsk, which became known as “Tankograd” (Tank City).

Chelyabinsk has had a long association with top-secret nuclear research, though this is more properly applicable to Chelyabinsk Oblast as a whole, as nuclear facilities such as Chelyabinsk-70 (Snezhinsk) are, or were, located far outside the city. A serious nuclear accident occurred in 1957 at the Mayak nuclear fuel reprocessing plant, 150 km north-west of the city, which caused deaths in Chelyabinsk Oblast but not in the city. The province was closed to all foreigners until 1992.

The Indian River is a river and estuary, approximately 15 mi (24 km) long, in Sussex County in southern Delaware in the United States.

Indian River

The river enters Indian River Bay, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean south of Cape Henlopen. The lower 6 mi (10 km) of the river form a navigable tidal estuary stretching westward from Indian River Bay, which is protected from the open ocean by two sand bar peninsulas. East of the bay is its mouth, the Indian River Inlet.


View live traffic conditions in Delaware  including Indian River Inlet cameras.

SSTV TruckCam, UK

August 11, 2010

Slow-scan television (SSTV) is a picture transmission method used mainly by amateur radio operators, to transmit and receive static pictures via radio in monochrome or color.


SSTV was used to transmit images of the far side of the Moon from Luna 3.  Commercial systems appeared in the United States in 1970, after the FCC had legalized the use of SSTV for advanced level amateur radio operators in 1968.

SSTV originally required quite a bit of specialized equipment, but a modern system, having gained ground since the early 1990s, uses a personal computer and special software in place of much of the custom equipment. The sound card of a PC, with special processing software, acts as a modem. The computer screen provides the output. A small digital camera or digital photos provide the input.

Images taken from inside the truck updated every 30 seconds when on the road. Live from around the UK.   Monday to Friday from 4am GMT.  This is a mobile internet connection so sometimes when connection is lost the image will not update until  a good connection resumes.   Same with the Tracking, when not in range of another APRS station the tracking will stop.  APRS location data from ham radio on 144.800Mhz.

Santa Cruz de Tenerife is the capital (jointly with Las Palmas) of the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands.  Santa Cruz  is located in northeast of the Spanish island of Tenerife off the northwestern coast of Africa.

tenerife3Santa Cruz

Santa Cruz de Tenerife has been occupied by humans for the last 2000 years as evidenced by numerous archaeological sites. The area was known to the Guanches, the first inhabitants of the island, as Añazo. Later, it became one of the most important ports of the Atlantic and the Canary Islands, a status it retains to this day.

Santa Cruz, being the center of the Tenerife Metropolitan Area, is the logical hub for the island’s motorway network. The 85 km. long TF1 Motorway links the south of the island including Playa de las Américas and other southern resorts and towns with its capital.

TF5 Motorway links Santa Cruz with the Puerto de la Cruz, La Orotava and the northern side of the island, passing right through La Laguna before entering Santa Cruz.  Tenerife North Airport lies on the TF5 Motorway on the outskirts of the city. The Santa Cruz harbor is one of the busiest in Spain.  More traffic cameras here.

Brooklyn Bridge, NY Webcam

December 25, 2008

The Brooklyn Bridge, one of the oldest suspension bridges in the United States, stretches 5,989 feet over the East River, connecting the New York City boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn (on Long Island).

bbridgeBrooklyn Bridge

Upon completion, it was the longest suspension bridge in the world, the first steel-wire suspension bridge, and the first bridge to connect to Long Island. Construction began on January 3, 1870. The Brooklyn Bridge was completed thirteen years later and was opened for use on May 24, 1883.

The bridge was designed by German-born John Augustus Roebling in Trenton, New Jersey. During surveying for the East River Bridge project, Roebling’s foot was badly injured by a ferry, pinning it against a pylon; within a few weeks, he died of tetanus.

His son, Washington, succeeded him, but in 1872 was stricken with caisson disease (decompression sickness, commonly known as “the bends”), due to working in compressed air in caissons.